2014 Thoughts for Nonprofit Board Members
By Eugene Fram
Nonprofit board members and managers should be interested in two sections of the 2014 predictions from the Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance, * which can be extended to nonprofit governance. <!–more–>
- …[T]he focus has shifted from check-the- box policies to more complex questions such as how to strike the right balance in recruiting directors with complementary skill sets and diverse perspectives. …
Some nonprofits will need to look beyond the traditional board recruitment matrix skill sets that have been used for decades – human relations, communications, financial. Example of change: The usual profile of nonprofits board members are people in the 25 – 50 year age bracket. Many of them are in the midst of building careers and, although they be counted on to complete specific projects, they are frequently unable to rigorously fulfill their governance responsibilities. They tend to follow the governance guidance presented by the board chair and/or ED.
As a result, forward looking boards are now looking to recruit semi-retired or retired persons with board experience and time to devote to governance. They serve as role models for the younger persons and provide board staffing critical audit committees. To do anything less can lead to personal liabilities for board members.
In summary, the Harvard Forum Report in my opinion suggests, Nonprofit boards in 2014 [M]ust recruit and retain high quality directors who are willing to shoulder the escalating workload and time commitment required for board service.
- Nonprofit boards need to tailor the board’s role in overseeing risk management to the specific needs of the organization.
I recently heard of a California health care nonprofit where the failure of the board to oversee compliance with heath care regulations led to the bankruptcy of the nonprofit. To reduce the risk level some nonprofits may occasionally need a forensic review of operations. A standard annual audit does not test for fraud.
With the 28 enhanced questions related to governance now found on the IRS Form 990, boards need to understand that there may be organizational risk to its tax status if board members are not involved with the development of the form each year. I have personally witnessed situations where the directors were never given a copy of the Form 990 or it was completed internally by management and simply passed out at a board meeting. In addition, I even encountered one, which had no D&O insurance policy, even though it was responsible real estate property worth $24 million.
Organizational risk in terms of personal liability, organizational continuance and board talent development should be on nonprofit board improvement agendas in 2014. As experienced nonprofit managers have concurred for decades, once a quality board and staff are in place, other problems can be more easily solved.
*Martin Lipton, Steven Rosenblum and Karessa Cain (2013) “Some Thoughts for Boards of Directors in 2014,” The Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance & Financial Regulation, November 29th